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Creating a simple stored procedure without any parameters:

31-03-2019  0 Comment(s)

his stored procedure, retrieves Name and Gender of all the employees. To create a stored procedure we use, CREATE PROCEDURE or CREATE PROC statement.

Create Procedure spGetEmployees
as
Begin
  Select Name, Gender from tblEmployee
End

Note: When naming user defined stored procedures, Microsoft recommends not to use "sp_" as a prefix. All system stored procedures, are prefixed with "sp_". This avoids any ambiguity between user defined and system stored procedures and any conflicts, with some future system procedure.

To execute the stored procedure, you can just type the procedure name and press F5, or use EXEC or EXECUTE keywords followed by the procedure name as shown below.
1. spGetEmployees
2. EXEC spGetEmployees
3. Execute spGetEmployees

Note: You can also right click on the procedure name, in object explorer in SQL Server Management Studio and select EXECUTE STORED PROCEDURE.

Creating a stored procedure with input parameters: This SP, accepts GENDER and DEPARTMENTID parameters. Parameters and variables have an @ prefix in their name.

Create Procedure spGetEmployeesByGenderAndDepartment 
@Gender nvarchar(50),
@DepartmentId int
as
Begin
  Select Name, Gender from tblEmployee Where Gender = @Gender and DepartmentId = @DepartmentId
End

 

To invoke this procedure, we need to pass the value for @Gender and @DepartmentId parameters. If you don't specify the name of the parameters, you have to first pass value for @Gender parameter and then for @DepartmentId.
EXECUTE spGetEmployeesByGenderAndDepartment 'Male', 1

On the other hand, if you change the order, you will get an error stating "Error converting data type varchar to int." This is because, the value of "Male" is passed into @DepartmentId parameter. Since @DepartmentId is an integer, we get the type conversion error.
spGetEmployeesByGenderAndDepartment 1, 'Male'

When you specify the names of the parameters when executing the stored procedure the order doesn't matter.
EXECUTE spGetEmployeesByGenderAndDepartment @DepartmentId=1, @Gender ='Male'

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